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Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2008 Jul;7(7):575-90. doi: 10.1038/nrd2605.

Purinergic signalling and disorders of the central nervous system.

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Autonomic Neuroscience Centre, Royal Free and University College Medical School, Rowland Hill Street, London NW3 2PF, UK.


Purines have key roles in neurotransmission and neuromodulation, with their effects being mediated by the purine and pyrimidine receptor subfamilies, P1, P2X and P2Y. Recently, purinergic mechanisms and specific receptor subtypes have been shown to be involved in various pathological conditions including brain trauma and ischaemia, neurodegenerative diseases involving neuroimmune and neuroinflammatory reactions, as well as in neuropsychiatric diseases, including depression and schizophrenia. This article reviews the role of purinergic signalling in CNS disorders, highlighting specific purinergic receptor subtypes, most notably A(2A), P2X(4) and P2X(7), that might be therapeutically targeted for the treatment of these conditions.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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