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Oncogene. 2008 Oct 2;27(44):5808-20. doi: 10.1038/onc.2008.205. Epub 2008 Jun 30.

Recruitment of adenomatous polyposis coli and beta-catenin to axin-puncta.

Author information

1
Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research, Melbourne Tumour Biology Branch, Parkville, Victoria, Australia. maree.faux@ludwig.edu.au

Abstract

The adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) tumour suppressor is a multifunctional protein involved in the regulation of Wnt signalling and cytoskeletal dynamics. Little is known about how APC controls these disparate functions. In this study, we have used APC- and axin-fluorescent fusion proteins to examine the interactions between these proteins and show that the functionally distinct populations of APC are also spatially separate. Axin-RFP forms cytoplasmic punctate structures, similar to endogenous axin puncta. Axin-RFP recruits beta-catenin destruction complex proteins, including APC, beta-catenin, glycogen synthase kinase-3-beta (GSK3-beta) and casein kinase-1-alpha (CK1-alpha). Recruitment into axin-RFP puncta sequesters APC from clusters at cell extensions and this prevents its microtubule-associated functions. The interaction between APC-GFP and axin-RFP within the cytoplasmic puncta is direct and dramatically alters the dynamic properties of APC-GFP. However, recruitment of APC to axin puncta is not absolutely required for beta-catenin degradation. Instead, formation of axin puncta, mediated by the DIX domain, is required for beta-catenin degradation. An axinDeltaDIX mutant did not form puncta, but still mediated recruitment of destruction complex proteins and phosphorylation of beta-catenin. We conclude that there are distinct pools of APC and that the formation of axin puncta, rather than the axin/APC complex, is essential for beta-catenin destruction.

PMID:
18591934
DOI:
10.1038/onc.2008.205
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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