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Am J Dis Child. 1991 Aug;145(8):898-900.

Response of 7- to 15-month-old infants to sequential immunization with Haemophilus influenzae type b-CRM197 conjugate and polysaccharide vaccines.

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1
Pennridge Pediatrics Associates, Sellersville, PA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the immunologic potential of infants 7 to 15 months of age to respond to Haemophilus influenzae type b polysaccharide vaccine following immunization with H influenzae b oligosaccharide-CRM197 conjugate vaccine.

STUDY DESIGN:

One hundred seventy-one infants, aged 7 to 15 months, were consecutively and alternatively assigned to one of three immunization protocols. Group 1 (n = 71) received three doses of H influenzae b oligosaccharide-CRM197 conjugate vaccine, group 2 (n = 47) received two doses of H influenzae b oligosaccharide-CRM197 conjugate vaccine followed by one dose of H influenzae type b polysaccharide vaccine, and group 3 received one dose of H influenzae b oligosaccharide-CRM197 conjugate vaccine followed by two doses of H influenzae type b polysaccharide vaccine. Immunizations were given on day 0 and at 2 months and 6 months. Anti-H influenzae type b polysaccharide antibody levels were measured on day 0 and 2, 3, 6, 7, and 12 months after the study began.

RESULTS:

Haemophilus influenzae type b polysaccharide vaccine given as a second dose stimulated an antibody rise but did so less effectively than H influenzae b oligosaccharide-CRM197 conjugate vaccine. Two doses of H influenzae b oligosaccharide-CRM197 conjugate vaccine were highly immunogenic; geometric means were 31 and 35 micrograms/mL in the 7- to 11-month and 12- to 15-month age groups, respectively. Following two doses of H influenzae b oligosaccharide-CRM197 conjugate vaccine, both immunization protocols resulted in (1) equally high geometric mean antibody levels 1 month after immunization and (2) similar geometric mean antibody levels 6 months after immunization.

CONCLUSIONS:

Haemophilus influenzae b oligosaccharide-CRM197 conjugate vaccine induces antibody levels that would be expected to protect infants from initial invasion and primes the immune system for an anamnestic response. Our data indicate that if a booster immunization is needed, H influenzae type b polysaccharide vaccine could be an alternative to H influenzae b oligosaccharide-CRM197 conjugate vaccine.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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