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Surg Obes Relat Dis. 2008 Nov-Dec;4(6):748-53. doi: 10.1016/j.soard.2008.03.005. Epub 2008 Jun 30.

Limitations of a standardized weight-based nomogram for heparin dosing in patients with morbid obesity.

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1
Department of Pharmacy, Spectrum Health, Grand Rapids, Michigan 49503, USA. jeffrey.barletta@spectrum-health.org

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Confusion exists when dosing heparin using a weight-based nomogram in the obese population. At 2 affiliated community teaching hospitals, we compared the activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) values in morbidly obese and nonmorbidly obese patients using a standardized nomogram and determined factors associated with achieving a supratherapeutic aPTT value.

METHODS:

This was a retrospective study that included patients who had received intravenous heparin according to a standardized weight-based nomogram for >or=12 hours. The exclusion criteria were age <18 years, pregnancy, and insufficient data. Patients were stratified into morbidly obese (body mass index [BMI] >or=40 kg/m(2)) and nonmorbidly obese (BMI <40 kg/m(2)) groups. The aPTT values were compared and predictors for a supratherapeutic aPTT values were identified.

RESULTS:

A total of 101 patients were included in the study. Greater aPTT values were noted at 6 hours (155 +/- 37 versus 135 +/- 44, P = .020) and 12 hours (141 +/- 45 versus 117 +/- 45, P = .012) for patients with morbid obesity than for those without it, respectively. Increasing BMI (odds ratio = 1.06, 95% confidence interval 1.02-1.1; P = .003) and age (odds ratio 1.05, 95% confidence interval 1.02-.09; P = .001] were independent predictors of supratherapeutic aPTT values.

CONCLUSION:

Heparin dosing with a weight-based nomogram will yield greater aPTT values in morbidly obese patients. Consideration of BMI and age can help identify those patients at risk of supratherapeutic aPTTs. Alternative strategies, such as a dose cap should be considered in patients with morbid obesity.

PMID:
18586569
DOI:
10.1016/j.soard.2008.03.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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