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Talanta. 2008 Jul 15;76(2):448-53. doi: 10.1016/j.talanta.2008.03.030. Epub 2008 Mar 28.

Assessment of a modified and optimised method for determining chemical oxygen demand of solid substrates and solutions with high suspended solid content.

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Instituto de la Grasa (CSIC), Avda. Padre GarcĂ­a Tejero 4, 41012 Seville, Spain.


A modified approach to determine the chemical oxygen demand (COD) of solid substrates based on the DIN 38414-S9 standard method is proposed. The adapted procedure is assessed and compared with standard methods widely used for water and wastewater such as the American Public Health Association-American Water Works Association-Water Pollution Control Federation (APHA-AWWA-WPCF) standard methods 5220 B-open reflux (SM-OR) and 5220 D-closed reflux colorimetric (SM-CR). Solutions with high suspended concentration of solids, as well as digestates from an anaerobic reactor, were used during the comparative test. For solid substrates, the COD recovery was about 100% when the proposed method was used. For solutions with solid content higher than 20 g TS L(-1), the recovery was only completed when the proposed method was used, showing that the methods traditionally employed are not very appropriate for samples with the described characteristics. For instance, percentages of COD recovery in the ranges of 77.3-87.1% and 89.4-94.1% were achieved when the SM-OR and SM-CR methods were used, respectively.

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