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Mol Cell Neurosci. 2008 Aug;38(4):569-77. doi: 10.1016/j.mcn.2008.05.005. Epub 2008 May 20.

Endothelial cell-derived bone morphogenetic proteins control proliferation of neural stem/progenitor cells.

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CEA, DSV, iRCM, SCSR, Laboratoire de Radiopathologie-IPSC, Fontenay-aux-Roses, France.


Neurogenesis persists in the adult brain subventricular zone where neural stem/progenitor cells (NSPCs) lie close to brain endothelial cells (BECs). We show in mouse that BECs produce bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs). Coculture of embryonic and adult NSPCs with BECs activated the canonical BMP/Smad pathway and reduced their proliferation. We demonstrate that coculture with BECs in the presence of EGF and FGF2 induced a reversible cell cycle exit of NSPCs (LeX+) and an increase in the amount of GFAP/LeX-expressing progenitors thought to be stem cells. Levels of the phosphatidylinositol phosphatase PTEN were upregulated in NSPCs after coculture with BECs, or treatment with recombinant BMP4, with a concomitant reduction in Akt phosphorylation. Silencing Smad5 with siRNA or treatment with Noggin, a BMP antagonist, demonstrated that upregulation of PTEN in NSPCs required BMP/Smad signaling and that this pathway regulated cell cycle exit of NSPCs. Therefore, BECs may provide a feedback mechanism to control the proliferation of NSPCs.

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