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Chem Biol Interact. 2008 Sep 25;175(1-3):192-5. doi: 10.1016/j.cbi.2008.04.050. Epub 2008 May 21.

Stereoselective inhibition of human, mouse, and horse cholinesterases by bambuterol enantiomers.

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Institute for Medical Research and Occupational Health, Ksaverska c. 2, Zagreb, Croatia.


Bambuterol is a chiral carbamate and a selective inhibitor of butyrylcholinesterase (BChE, EC In order to relate bambuterol selectivity and stereoselectivity of BChE and acetylcholinesterase (AChE, EC of different species, we studied the inhibition of human, mouse, and horse BChE, as well as AChE of human and mouse by (R)- and (S)-bambuterol. AChE and BChE of all studied species were progressively inhibited by both bambuterol enantiomers, with a preference for the (R)-bambuterol whose inhibition rate constants were about five times higher than that of (S)-bambuterol. We observed no significant difference between human and mouse in bambuterol enantiomer BChE inhibition. However, (R)-bambuterol inhibited horse BChE about 14 times slower than human and mouse BChE, and the inhibition rate for (S)-bambuterol was about 18 times slower. Although the primary structure of horse BChE differs from the other two species in 15 amino acids, we presumed that differences in inhibition rates could be attributed to threonine at position 69 located close to the peripheral site of BChE. Since BChE inhibition by bambuterol enantiomers was at least 8000 times faster than that of AChE, both bambuterol enantiomers proved to be selective BChE inhibitors, as was previously shown for racemate.

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