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J Ethnopharmacol. 2008 Sep 2;119(1):47-52. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2008.05.035. Epub 2008 Jun 6.

Pharmacodynamic interaction of the sedative effects of Ternstroemia pringlei (Rose) Standl. with six central nervous system depressant drugs in mice.

Author information

1
Facultad de Química, Departamento de Farmacia, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria, Coyoacán 04510, México, D.F., México.

Abstract

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE:

The decoction of dried fruits of Ternstroemia pringlei (Rose) Standl. (Theaceae), commonly known as "Flor de Tila", is used in the Mexican traditional medicine to diminish insomnia and fear.

AIM OF THE STUDY:

To examine the sedative effects of the dried fruits of Ternstroemia pringlei and investigate a possible synergistic pharmacodynamic interaction between the sedative effect of aqueous extract of this plant and six central nervous system (CNS) depressant drugs.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

The sedative effect was performed using the exploratory cylinder test in ICR mice. The extracts and drugs were intraperitoneally administered 30 min before testing in different doses, with exception of ethanol and buspirone which were administered 5 and 20 min before testing, respectively. An isobolographic analysis was used to characterize the interaction between Ternstroemia pringlei extract and six CNS depressant drugs.

RESULTS:

The intraperitoneal administration of the hexane, dichloromethane, methanol and aqueous extracts of Ternstroemia pringlei showed a dose-dependent sedative effect. Ternstroemia pringlei aqueous extract combined with buspirone, diazepam, diphenhydramine, haloperidol or pentobarbital exerted a super-additive (synergistic) sedative interaction. Whereas the combination Ternstroemia pringlei extract plus ethanol resulted in a sub-additive (attenuate) sedative interaction.

CONCLUSIONS:

These findings are in agreement with the traditional use of Ternstroemia pringlei in the treatment of insomnia, however it is a plant that interacts in a complex form with CNS depressant drugs. It may represent an advertence on the use of this plant concomitantly with other neuroactive drugs.

PMID:
18582555
DOI:
10.1016/j.jep.2008.05.035
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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