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Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2008;1135:230-6. doi: 10.1196/annals.1429.020.

Menstrual issues in adolescents with physical and developmental disabilities.

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Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Gynceology, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-0276, USA.


Puberty and menstruation are difficult issues for teens with disabilities and for their families as well. Irregular bleeding, mood swings, and problems with hygiene often complicate the delicate balance in the lives of these adolescents. The care provider is asked to help with the pubertal transition and the issues surrounding menstruation and reproductive health. This review will concentrate on the issues concerning menstruation that need special focus in teens with developmental disability (DD). The impact of the menstrual cycle on these teenagers, including hygiene issues, menstrual irregularities due to specific clinical circumstances, and treatment dilemmas associated with the use of hormonal medication will be discussed for this special group of teens.

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