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Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2009 Feb;70(2):238-44. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2265.2008.03315.x. Epub 2008 Jun 20.

Interleukin-6 (IL-6) -572C-->G promoter polymorphism is associated with type 2 diabetes risk in Koreans.

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1
Yonsei University Research Institute of Science for Ageing, Yonsei University, Seodaemun-Gu, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Increased levels of inflammatory markers, such as interleukin-6 (IL-6), are associated with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). We investigated the association of IL-6 gene polymorphisms with T2DM and circulating levels of IL-6 in Koreans.

SUBJECTS:

A total of 1477 subjects with normal glucose tolerance and 476 T2DM patients were included.

MEASUREMENTS:

We examined IL-6 -174G-->C, -572C-->G, -597G-->A and -1363G-->T promoter region polymorphisms. The main outcome measures were the odds ratio (OR) on T2DM risk and serum concentrations of IL-6 and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP).

RESULTS:

Homozygosity for the rare G allele IL-6 -572C-->G was associated with a higher risk of T2DM [OR 1.69 (95%CI 1.11-2.58), P = 0.015]. Serum IL-6 concentrations were associated with the IL-6 -572C-->G genotype in control subjects (G/G: 2.33 +/- 0.41: C/G: 1.53 +/- 0.09: C/C: 1.72 +/- 0.08 ng/l, P = 0.023). Also in the control group, subjects homozygous for the rare G allele showed significantly higher concentrations of hs-CRP than C/C and C/G carriers (G/G: 13.6 +/- 2.9: C/G: 9.2 +/- 0.6: C/C: 7.8 +/- 0.4 mg/l, P = 0.003). The C-allele at the IL-6 -174 SNP was very rare (< 0.01) and -597G-->A and -1363G-->T were monomorphic in this population.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our data demonstrate that the IL-6 -572G/G genotype is associated with higher serum IL-6 and hs-CRP concentrations and with increased risk for T2DM.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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