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Mol Microbiol. 1991 Apr;5(4):977-86.

The surface-located YopN protein is involved in calcium signal transduction in Yersinia pseudotuberculosis.

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1
Department of Cell and Microbiology, National Defence Research Establishment, UmeƄ, Sweden.

Abstract

The low-calcium response (lcr) is strongly conserved among the pathogenic Yersinia species and is observed when the pathogen is grown at 37 degrees C in Ca(2+)-depleted medium. This response is characterized by a general metabolic downshift and by a specific induction of virulence-plasmid-encoded yop genes. Regulation of yop expression is exerted at transcriptional level by a temperature-regulated activator and by Ca(2+)-regulated negative elements. The yopN gene was shown to encode a protein (formerly also designated Yop4b) which is surface-located when Yersinia is grown at 37 degrees C. yopN was found to be part of an operon that is induced during the low-calcium response. Insertional inactivation of the yopN gene resulted in derepressed transcription of yop genes. A hybrid plasmid containing the yopN gene under the control of the tac promoter fully restored the wild-type phenotype of the yopN mutant. Thus the surface-located YopN somehow senses the calcium concentration and transmits a signal to shut off yop transcription when the calcium concentration is high.

PMID:
1857212
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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