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Am J Cardiol. 2008 Jul 1;102(1):70-6. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2008.02.099. Epub 2008 May 9.

Usefulness of left atrial volume index to predict heart failure hospitalization and mortality in ambulatory patients with coronary heart disease and comparison to left ventricular ejection fraction (from the Heart and Soul Study).

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California Pacific Medical Center, San Francisco, CA, USA. <>


The predictive value of left atrial (LA) dilatation in ambulatory adults with coronary artery disease is not known. It was hypothesized that echocardiographic LA volume index (LAVI) predicts heart failure (HF) hospitalization and mortality with similar statistical power as left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in ambulatory adults with coronary artery disease. We measured LAVI in 935 adults without atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter, or significant mitral valve disease in the Heart and Soul Study. LAVI was calculated using the biplane method of disks. Outcomes included HF hospitalization and mortality. Logistic regression odds ratios (ORs) were calculated and adjusted for age, demographics, medical history, left ventricular mass, diastolic function, and LVEF. Mean LAVI was 32 +/- 11 ml/m2, and mean LVEF was 62 +/- 10%. Sixty-six patients (7%) had LAVI >50 ml/m2. There were 108 HF hospitalizations and 180 deaths at 4.3 years of follow-up. C statistics calculated as the area under the receiver-operator characteristic curve were the same (0.60) for LAVI and LVEF in predicting mortality. The unadjusted OR for HF hospitalization was 4.4 for LAVI >50 ml/m2 and 5.3 for LVEF <45% (p <0.001). In those with normal LVEF, the ORs for LAVI >50 ml/m2 were 5.2 for HF hospitalization (p <0.0001) and 2.5 for mortality (p = 0.006). After multivariate adjustment, LAVI >50 ml/m2 was predictive of HF hospitalization (OR 2.4, p = 0.02), and LAVI >40 ml/m2 was predictive of mortality (OR 1.9, p = 0.005). In conclusion, LAVI had similar predictability as LVEF for HF hospitalization and mortality in ambulatory adults with coronary artery disease.

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