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Life Sci. 1991;49(5):393-8.

Renal mitochondrial glutathione transport.

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Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens 30602.


Freshly isolated tightly coupled rabbit renal cortical mitochondria rapidly accumulated glutathione (GSH) against an electrical and concentration gradient, and in the presence and absence of pyruvate/malate, succinate, antimycin A, or FCCP. Mitochondrial GSH uptake was dependent on medium GSH concentration, was not saturable, and reached equilibrium within 1 min of addition. Mitochondrial GSH uptake was partially inhibited by glycine, ophthalmic acid, and serine but not glutamate, cysteine, gamma-glutamyl-glutamate, or proline. These results show that 1) mitochondrial GSH uptake is by both a carrier-mediated process and by diffusion, and 2) the GSH carrier system has structural specificity with the glycine residue being a recognition site.

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