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Cancer Lett. 2008 Sep 28;269(1):67-77. doi: 10.1016/j.canlet.2008.04.032. Epub 2008 Jun 20.

Dkk-1 secreted by mesenchymal stem cells inhibits growth of breast cancer cells via depression of Wnt signalling.

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Department of Biochemistry, College of Life Sciences, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, PR China.


We determined the molecular mechanism of inhibitory effect of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) on the growth of human MCF-7 breast cancer cells. Our finding showed that beta-catenin was down-regulated in MCF-7 cells by conditioned media from Z3 hMSCs, and the expression level of dickkopf-1 (Dkk-1) was higher in Z3 cells than that in MCF-7 cells. Neutralization of Dkk-1 and small interference RNA targeting Dkk-1 mRNA in Z3 cells attenuated the inhibitory effect of Z3 cells on MCF-7 cells. Overexpression of Dkk-1 in Z3 cells enhanced the inhibition. Therefore, Dkk-1 secreted by Z3 cells involves the inhibition via the Wnt pathway.

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