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Clin Exp Rheumatol. 2008 Jan-Feb;26(1 Suppl 48):S53-61.

Autoinflammatory syndromes and infections: pathogenetic and clinical implications.

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Rheumatology Section, Lincoln Medical and Mental Health Center, New York, USA.


The autoinflammatory syndromes are a group of disorders characterized by recurrent episodes of seemingly unprovoked inflammation without significant levels of autoantobodies and antigen specific T cells. Although a direct association between defective innate immune responses to bacterial components and these diseases has not been formally established, much ongoing research is aimed towards confirmation of that hypothesis. This article will review recent advances in the study of a subset of NOD-like receptors (NLRs), which control the activation of caspase-1 through the assembly of a large protein complex called inflammasome. Moreover, we will review recent progresses in understanding of a range of autoinflammatory conditions in humans.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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