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J Proteome Res. 2008 Aug;7(8):3267-75. doi: 10.1021/pr700771u. Epub 2008 Jun 21.

Comparative proteomic studies in Rhodospirillum rubrum grown under different nitrogen conditions.

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Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Arrhenius Laboratories for Natural Sciences, Stockholm University, Sweden.


Forty-four differentially expressed proteins have been identified in the photosynthetic diazotroph Rhodospirillum rubrum grown anaerobic and photoheterotrophically, with different nitrogen sources, using 2D-PAGE and MALDI-TOF, from gels containing an average of 679 +/- 52 (in N(+)) and 619 +/- 37 (in N(-)) protein spots for each gel. A higher level of expression was found under nitrogen-rich growth, for proteins involved in carbon metabolism (reductive tricarboxylic acid cycle, CO(2) fixation, and poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate metabolism) and amino acid metabolism. The key enzymes RuBisCO and alpha-ketoglutarate synthase were found to be present in higher amounts in nitrogen-rich conditions. Ntr and Nif regulated proteins, such as glutamine synthetase and nitrogenase, were, as expected, induced under nitrogen-fixing conditions and glutamate dehydrogenase was down regulated. A novel 2Fe-2S ferredoxin with unknown function was identified from nitrogen-fixing cultures. In addition to differential expression, two of the identified proteins revealed variable p I values in response to the nitrogen source used.

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