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J Mol Biol. 1991 Jul 20;220(2):531-8.

Relation between stability, dynamics and enzyme activity in 3-phosphoglycerate kinases from yeast and Thermus thermophilus.

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Department of Biochemistry and Genetics, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, U.K.


3-Phosphoglycerate kinases from yeast and the extreme thermophilic bacterium Thermus thermophilus HB8 have been used as models for investigating the relationship between stability, dynamics and activity. It was found that while at a given temperature the thermophilic protein is more stable, its conformational dynamics as measured by the ability of acrylamide to quench the fluorescence of a buried tryptophan as well as its specific activity, are both lower than for the mesophilic protein. As the temperature is increased, the thermodynamic stability of the thermophilic protein approaches that of the mesophilic protein at its working temperature. Its conformational dynamics and specific activity however were both shown to increase, until at the physiologically operational temperature, they become similar to those of the mesophilic enzyme at its operational temperature. These results confirm the proposal that a direct relationship and balance holds between thermodynamic stability, dynamics and specific activity in globular proteins. They demonstrate also the constraining effect of increased stability upon conformational dynamics and enzyme activity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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