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Eur J Appl Physiol. 2008 Oct;104(3):481-9. doi: 10.1007/s00421-008-0797-4. Epub 2008 Jun 20.

The acute post-exercise response of blood pressure varies with time of day.

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Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Henry Cotton Campus, Webster Street, Liverpool L3 2ET, UK.


The reactivity of ambulatory blood pressure following a given change in everyday physical activities is highest in the morning. Whether the acute response of blood pressure following a controlled bout of steady-state exercise is influenced by time of day is examined in this study. After 45 min of supine rest, 12 male normotensives completed 30 min of cycling at 70% VO(2peak) which began at either 0800 or 1600 hours. Arterial blood pressure, cardiac output, total peripheral resistance, cutaneous blood flow and temperature were determined before, and up to 90 min after, exercise. Mean +/- SE arterial pressure, averaged over the acute (20-min) period, reduced by 7 +/- 2 mmHg following exercise at 1600 hours but increased by 3 +/- 3 mmHg following exercise at 0800 hours (P = 0.03). Total peripheral resistance fell by 4.2 +/- 0.8 mmHg l(-1) min(-1) after exercise at 1600 hour, but increased slightly by 0.1 +/- 0.5 mmHg l(-1) min(-1) after morning exercise (P = 0.02). We conclude that the acutely hypotensive effects following 30 min of steady state exercise are less marked in the morning, probably because the exercise-mediated decrease in peripheral resistance is not as apparent at this time of day.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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