Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Anxiety Disord. 2009 Jan;23(1):130-5. doi: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2008.04.007. Epub 2008 May 13.

Intolerance of uncertainty and social anxiety.

Author information

Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Utrecht University, P.O. Box 80140, 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands.


Research has shown that intolerance of uncertainty (IU)--the tendency to react negatively to situations that are uncertain--is involved in generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). There is uncertainty about the specificity of IU. Some studies have shown that IU is specific for GAD. Other studies have shown that IU is also involved in obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). No studies have yet examined IU in social anxiety, although it is possible that IU plays a role in anxiety responses that can be experienced in social-evaluative situations. This study examined the relationship between IU and social anxiety among 126 adults. Findings revealed that IU explained a significant amount of variance in social anxiety severity when controlling for established cognitive correlates of social anxiety (e.g., fear of negative evaluation) and for neuroticism. Furthermore, it was found that IU was related with symptom levels of GAD, OCD, and social anxiety, but not depression, when controlling the shared variance among these symptoms.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center