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Res Vet Sci. 2009 Feb;86(1):129-35. doi: 10.1016/j.rvsc.2008.04.006. Epub 2008 Jun 18.

Effects of nonselective and selective cyclooxygenase inhibitors on small intestinal motility in the horse.

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Dipartimento di Salute Animale, Università di Parma, 43100 Parma, Italy.


We investigated the effects of nonselective cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitors (indomethacin and flunixin meglumine) and selective COX-1 (SC-560) or COX-2 (celecoxib, DUP-398 and NS-697) inhibitors on horse small bowel motility in vitro. At this purpose, samples of equine ileum were put in isolated organ baths for the motility experiments. Nonselective COX inhibitors were devoid of major effects on motility, except for an inhibition of tonic contraction shown by flunixin meglumine. SC-560, selective COX-1 inhibitor, was devoid of significant effects on ileal motility. Selective COX-2 inhibitors reduced both tonic contraction and spontaneous phasic contractions, while prostaglandin (PG) receptor antagonists were uneffective. Some of the intestinal samples were submitted to histological investigation or reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), which revealed the presence of an inflammation reaction and the presence of both COX isoforms mRNAs. Present data support the hypothesis that the effects of COX inhibitors on horse small intestinal motility are not linked to PG depletion.

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