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Exp Cell Res. 2008 Aug 1;314(13):2400-10. doi: 10.1016/j.yexcr.2008.04.019. Epub 2008 May 15.

Impact of stromal cell composition on BMP-induced chondrogenic differentiation of mouse bone marrow derived mesenchymal cells.

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  • 1Department of Medical Biochemistry and Genetics, Institute of Biomedicine, University of Turku, Kiinamyllynkatu 10, 20520 Turku, Finland.


Chondrogenic differentiation in mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) has been actively studied due to their potential use in mesenchymal tissue repair. Our goal was to develop a simple isolation protocol for adherent mouse MSCs to simultaneously clear off hematopoietic cells and expand to obtain enough starting material for differentiation studies. CD34 and CD45 expressing cells were rapidly removed by inhibiting growth of hematopoietic cells to yield short-term selected (STS) cells. Further passaging enriched more primitive, uniformly Sca-1 expressing, long-term selected (LTS) cells. The efficacy of several BMPs to induce chondrogenesis in pellet culture was compared in STS and LTS cells. In STS cells, chondrogenesis progressed rapidly to terminal differentiation while LTS cells differentiated at a slower rate with no hypertrophy. In LTS cells, rhBMP homodimers -2, -4, -6 and rhBMP2/7 heterodimer were effective enhancers of chondrogenesis over that of rhBMP-5 and -7. In STS cells, rhBMP-2 and rhBMP-7 supported rapid chondrogenesis and terminal differentiation over that of rhBMP-6. These data indicate the impact of stromal cell composition on the chondrogenic differentiation profile, which is an important aspect to be considered when standardizing differentiation assay conditions as well as developing MSC based cartilage repair technologies.

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