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J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2008 Jul 1;870(1):63-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jchromb.2008.06.003. Epub 2008 Jun 6.

Improved and simplified LC-ESI-MS/MS method for homocysteine determination in human plasma: application to the study of cardiovascular diseases.

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Central Laboratory, Shanghai Xuhui Central Hospital, Shanghai 200031, China.


A liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS/MS) method was developed and validated for the determination of human plasma homocysteine (Hcy), an important independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease, with a simplified sample pretreatment procedure and a zero blank free of endogenous Hcy for calibrator/QC preparation. Following protein precipitation, chromatographic separation was performed on Hypersil Aquasil C18 column (50 mm x 2.1mm, 5 microm, Thermo) using mobile phase of aqueous 10% methanol containing 0.02% formic acid at 0.25 mL/min. Hcy and deuterated internal standard were detected in the multiple reaction monitoring mode with precursor to product ion transitions of m/z 136.1/90.0 and 140.1/94.0, respectively. The retention time was 1.2 min, and the total run time was 2 min per injection. A streamlined three-point calibration curve and one-point QC was used. Excellent linearity was observed with correlation coefficient (r)>0.99. The intra- and inter-batch were < or =3.24% and < or =4.04%, and accuracy was within +/-10%. Method comparison between the proposed method (y) and FPIA assay (x) demonstrated a correlation equation of y=1.003x + 0.4318 (r=0.9589). The developed method, improved for automation with cost-effective reagents, was proven to be suitable for high-throughput quantitative determination of Hcy in clinical practice by successfully applying it to the cardiovascular disease study.

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