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Gen Comp Endocrinol. 1991 May;82(2):163-71.

Cyclic juvenile hormone biosynthesis in the cockroach, Blattella germanica: effects of ovariectomy and corpus allatum denervation.

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Department of Entomology, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08903.


The corpora allata (CA) of ovariectomized adult Blattella germanica females exhibited delayed but high rates of juvenile hormone biosynthesis in vitro. Using the onset of sexual receptivity as a probe of the degree of CA activation in females, we demonstrated at least one cycle of CA activity in the experimentally synchronized ovariectomized females. Following their activation, the CA exhibited a partial and transient decline in activity, but in contrast to the CA of intact females, this decline was not accompanied by a regression in CA volume. CA of intact and ovariectomized females that were denervated from the brain were activated, but the subsequent decline in CA activity at the end of the cycle was prevented in ovariectomized females. The presence of an egg-case suppressed the reactivation of the inactive CA in intact females but not in CA-denervated females. We conclude that activation of the CA in B. germanica is not dependent upon either the presence of the ovary or intact nervous connections between the CA and the brain. The brain exerts a partial inhibition on CA activity through intact nerves which is relieved (by disinhibition) in the presence of a young ovary but is enhanced and sustained in the presence of the egg-case. Inhibition of the CA also occurs independently of nervous connections with the brain through factors that originate in the mature ovary and affect both CA activity and morphology.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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