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J Urol. 2008 Aug;180(2):559-63; discussion 563-4. doi: 10.1016/j.juro.2008.04.005. Epub 2008 Jun 12.

Salvage prostate cryoablation: initial results from the cryo on-line data registry.

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Department of Urology, M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas, USA.



We report contemporary outcomes of salvage cryoablation at a large number of centers which have participated in the COLD (Cryo On-Line Data) Registry.


A secure online database was developed to collect data for patients undergoing prostate cryoablation. Kaplan-Meier analysis was performed with biochemical failure defined using the American Society of Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology, and the Phoenix definitions.


Data from 279 patients who had undergone salvage cryoablation were entered. Average patient age was 70.0 +/- 7.1 years. Pretreatment prostate specific antigen was 7.6 +/- 8.2 ng/ml and Gleason score was 7.5 +/- 1.1 (median 7). Patients were followed for 21.6 +/- 24.9 months and 47 were followed longer than 5 years. The 5-year actuarial biochemical disease-free rates were 58.9% +/- 5.7% (American Society of Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology) and 54.5% +/- 4.9% (Phoenix). As predicted based on the preservation of some prostatic tissue, 83% +/- 3.5% of patients had a detectable prostate specific antigen 0.2 ng/ml or greater at 5 years. Positive biopsies were observed in 15 of the 46 patients (32.6%) who underwent prostate biopsy after salvage cryotherapy. The incontinence rate (requiring pad use) was 4.4%. The rectal fistula rate was 1.2% and 3.2% of patients underwent transurethral prostate resection to remove sloughed tissue.


Biochemical and local control rates support the use of salvage cryoablation for localized recurrence following failed radiation therapy. Efforts to continue to minimize these complications and to improve disease control in patients with persistent cancer following definitive radiotherapy should continue.

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