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J Urol. 2008 Aug;180(2):593-8. doi: 10.1016/j.juro.2008.04.002. Epub 2008 Jun 12.

The relationship of common medical conditions and medication use with symptoms of painful bladder syndrome: results from the Boston area community health survey.

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New England Research Institutes, Watertown, Massachusetts, USA.



The etiology of painful bladder syndrome is currently unknown. We investigated the relationship between medical factors and symptoms suggestive of painful bladder syndrome in a population based random sample.


Data were collected from the Boston Area Community Health Survey, an epidemiological study conducted from 2002 to 2005 in a racially and ethnically diverse population (30 to 79 years old) from Boston, Massachusetts. The operational definition of painful bladder syndrome was symptom based. Those reporting pain increasing as the bladder fills and/or pain relieved by urination (fairly often/usually/almost always) for 3+ months were considered to have symptoms suggestive of painful bladder syndrome. We used multivariate logistic regression to estimate odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals (adjusted for demographics, anthropometric and other factors) for the association of comorbidities, surgery and medication use with painful bladder syndrome symptoms.


The prevalence of painful bladder syndrome symptoms was 1.3% in men and 2.6% in women. In men only depression was associated in a multivariate model (OR 4.96; 95% CI 1.65, 14.92). In women associations were observed for depression (OR 3.35; 95% CI 1.93, 5.81), history of urinary tract infections (OR 2.17; 95% CI 1.49, 4.96), chronic yeast infections (OR 3.11; 95% CI 1.29, 7.51), hysterectomy (OR 2.82; 95% CI 1.20, 6.62), calcium channel blockers (OR 4.59; 95% CI 2.71, 9.72) and cardiac glycosides (OR 10.28; 95% CI 1.46, 72.35), while thyroid medications and statins were inversely associated (OR 0.13; 95% CI 0.03, 0.47 and OR 0.24; 95% CI 0.08, 0.76; respectively).


Gynecologic factors and certain medications may be associated with the painful bladder syndrome in women. Our results for medications suggest potentially modifiable risk factors.

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