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J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2008 Jul-Aug;17(6):923-30. doi: 10.1089/jwh.2007.0402.

Racial/ethnic disparities in time to follow-up after an abnormal mammogram.

Author information

1
Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, Columbia University Medical Center, College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York, USA. rp310@columbia.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Although non-Hispanic white women have an increased risk of developing breast cancer, the disease-specific survival is lower for African American and Hispanic women. Little is known about disparities in follow-up after an abnormal mammogram. The goal of this study was to investigate potential disparities in follow-up after an abnormal mammogram.

METHODS:

A retrospective cohort study of 6722 women with an abnormal mammogram and documented follow-up from January 2000 through December 2002 was performed at an academic medical center in New York City. The outcome was the number of days between the abnormal mammogram and follow-up imaging or biopsy. Cox proportional hazards models were used to assess the effect of race/ethnicity and other potential covariates.

RESULTS:

The median number of days to diagnostic follow-up after an abnormal mammogram was greater for African American (20 days) and Hispanic (21 days) women compared with non-Hispanic white (14 days) women (p < 0.001). Racial/ethnic disparities remained significant in a multivariable model controlling for age, Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BIRADS) category, insurance status, provider practice location, and median household income.

CONCLUSIONS:

After an abnormal mammogram, African American and Hispanic women had longer times to diagnostic follow-up compared with non-Hispanic white women. Future efforts will focus on identifying the barriers to follow-up so that effective interventions may be implemented.

PMID:
18554094
PMCID:
PMC2942754
DOI:
10.1089/jwh.2007.0402
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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