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Sao Paulo Med J. 2008 Mar 6;126(2):132-9.

Evidence for benefits from treating cervical ectopy: literature review.

Author information

1
Centro de Saúde Escola Samuel Barnsley Pessoa, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. csesbp@usp.br

Abstract

CONTEXT AND PURPOSE:

Uterine cervical ectopy (cervical erosion) is today considered to be a physiological condition, but there still seems to be a strong tendency towards treating it. The purpose of this study was to review the medical literature for evidence regarding benefits from treating cervical ectopy.

METHODS:

The following databases were reviewed: Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (Medline), Excerpta Medica Database (Embase), Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (Lilacs) and Cochrane Library databases. In addition, six medical textbooks were consulted.

RESULTS:

The review showed that: 1) there is probably an association between ectopy and higher risk of Chlamydia trachomatis, human papillomavirus and human immunodeficiency virus infection; 4) there is probably an association between ectopy and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia; 5) there is an association between ectopy and mucous discharge and nocturia; and 6) there is no evidence of an association between ectopy and cervical cancer, or of protection against cervical cancer associated with ectopy treatment.

CONCLUSIONS:

1) No data were found in the medical literature to support routine treatment for ectopy; 2) Treatment could be recommended for symptom relief, but more symptoms are attributed to ectopy than could be demonstrated in a controlled study; 3) Further studies to test the hypothesis of protection against cervical cancer associated with treatment are necessary.

PMID:
18553039
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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