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J Neuroimmunol. 2008 Aug 13;199(1-2):126-32. doi: 10.1016/j.jneuroim.2008.04.031. Epub 2008 Jun 10.

CSF IgG heavy-chain bias in patients at the time of a clinically isolated syndrome.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, CO, United States. jeffrey.bennett@uchsc.edu

Abstract

Using FACS and single cell reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, we examined the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) IgG VH repertoires from 10 subjects with a clinically isolated demyelinating syndrome (CIS). B and plasma cell repertoires from individual subjects showed similar VH family germline usage, nearly identical levels of post-germinal center somatic hypermutation, and significant overlap in their clonal populations. Repertoires from 7 of 10 CIS subjects demonstrated a biased usage of VH4 and/or VH2 family gene segments in their plasma or B cell repertoires. V-regionbias, however, was not observed in the corresponding peripheral blood CD19+ B cell repertoires from 2 CIS subjects or in normal healthy adults. Clinically, subjects with VH4 or VH2 CSF IgG repertoire bias rapidly progressed to definite MS, whereas individuals without repertoire bias did not develop MS after a minimum of 2 years of follow-up (p=0.01).

PMID:
18547652
PMCID:
PMC2572301
DOI:
10.1016/j.jneuroim.2008.04.031
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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