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Opt Express. 2008 Jun 9;16(12):8532-48.

Bend performance-enhanced photonic crystal fibers with anisotropic numerical aperture.

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HQ USAFA/DFP, 2354 Fairchild Dr. Ste 2A167, USAF Academy, CO 80920, USA.

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  • Opt Express. 2012 Mar 26;20(7):7966-72.


Numerical calculations predict that particular birefringent photonic crystal fiber designs exhibit slightly better performance in a coiled configuration than non-birefringent step-index fiber designs with respect to higher order mode suppression for the realization of large mode area effectively single transverse mode fibers. The passive losses of the fundamental and first few higher order modes of a birefringent photonic crystal fiber design with a 41 microm diameter core incorporating stress applying parts (SAP) were calculated using an integrated electromechanical finite element method. Minimum higher order mode losses of up to 5.5 dB/m were predicted for fundamental mode losses of only 0.0014 dB/m. The bend performance of this PCF design was predicted to be relatively insensitive to manufacturing tolerances with respect to air hole size and device assembly tolerances with respect to coiling diameter based on the calculated dependence of the mode losses on these parameters. The positions and refractive index of the SAP render the numerical aperture of the core anisotropic allowing further tailoring of the bend performance by adjusting the angle between the coiling plane of the fiber and the orientation of the SAP within the cladding. Fundamental and higher-order mode losses are calculated for step-index fiber (SIF) designs with a 40 microm diameter core for comparison. The step-index fiber designs were predicted to exhibit slightly inferior bend loss mode discrimination and higher sensitivity to packaging configuration compared to the photonic crystal fiber designs presented.

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