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Diabetes. 2008 Sep;57(9):2296-303. doi: 10.2337/db08-0379. Epub 2008 Jun 10.

Carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 1: a link between insulin and lipid metabolism.

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Center for Diabetes and Endocrine Research and the Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, University of Toledo College of Medicine, Toledo, Ohio, USA.



Liver-specific inactivation of carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 1 (CEACAM1) by a dominant-negative transgene (l-SACC1 mice) impaired insulin clearance, caused insulin resistance, and increased hepatic lipogenesis. To discern whether this phenotype reflects a physiological function of CEACAM1 rather than the effect of the dominant-negative transgene, we characterized the metabolic phenotype of mice with null mutation of the Ceacam1 gene (Cc1(-/-)).


Mice were originally generated on a mixed C57BL/6x129sv genetic background and then backcrossed 12 times onto the C57BL/6 background. More than 70 male mice of each of the Cc1(-/-) and wild-type Cc1(+/+) groups were subjected to metabolic analyses, including insulin tolerance, hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp studies, insulin secretion in response to glucose, and determination of fasting serum insulin, C-peptide, triglyceride, and free fatty acid levels.


Like l-SACC1, Cc1(-/-) mice exhibited impairment of insulin clearance and hyperinsulinemia, which caused insulin resistance beginning at 2 months of age, when the mutation was maintained on a mixed C57BL/6x129sv background, but not until 5-6 months of age on a homogeneous inbred C57BL/6 genetic background. Hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp studies revealed that the inbred Cc1(-/-) mice developed insulin resistance primarily in liver. Despite substantial expression of CEACAM1 in pancreatic beta-cells, insulin secretion in response to glucose in vivo and in isolated islets was normal in Cc1(-/-) mice (inbred and outbred strains).


Intact insulin secretion in response to glucose and impairment of insulin clearance in l-SACC1 and Cc1(-/-) mice suggest that the principal role of CEACAM1 in insulin action is to mediate insulin clearance in liver.

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