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Opt Express. 2008 Mar 3;16(5):3484-9.

High-efficiency rotating point spread functions.

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Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA.


Rotating point spread functions (PSFs) present invariant features that continuously rotate with defocus and are important in diverse applications such as computational imaging and atom/particle trapping. However, their transfer function efficiency is typically very low. We generate highly efficient rotating PSFs by tailoring the range of invariant rotation to the specific application. The PSF design involves an optimization procedure that applies constraints in the Gauss-Laguerre modal plane, the spatial domain, and the Fourier domain. We observed over thirty times improvement in transfer function efficiency. Experiments with a phase-only spatial light modulator demonstrate the potential of high-efficiency rotating PSFs.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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