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Acta Cytol. 2008 May-Jun;52(3):313-9.

Split sample comparison of a liquid-based method and conventional smears in thyroid fine needle aspiration.

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1
Department of Hospital Pathology, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To compare the efficacy of the SurePath (SP) vs. conventional smears (CS) in fine needle aspiration (FNA) of thyroid gland lesions.

STUDY DESIGN:

A total of 193 FNA cases with thyroid nodules were studied. Samples from ultrasound-guided FNA were split to prepare CS and SP slides. The diagnostic categories of unsatisfactory, benign, atypical and malignant were compared. Galectin-3 immunostaining was performed on SP slides.

RESULTS:

Some differences were found between the cytomorphology of CS and SP. SP slides showed more increased cellularity and more clustered tissue fragments. On SP slides, nuclear detail and nucleoli were more easily detected and nuclear irregularity was very useful for the diagnosis of papillary carcinoma. SP showed a trend toward a lower proportion of atypical category. The overall sensitivity of FNA in diagnosing thyroid neoplasm was 90.9% for CS and 93.9% for SP. Most lesions (73%) diagnosed as papillary carcinoma after surgery showed positive staining of galectin-3.

CONCLUSION:

The SP method showed easy evaluation of cytomorphologic features and consistent specimen quality and appeared to be more useful in diagnosing the suspicious cases. Moreover, it offered the possibility of adjunctive immunocytochemistry on the same sample.

PMID:
18540296
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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