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Mol Cell. 2008 Jun 6;30(5):620-31. doi: 10.1016/j.molcel.2008.04.029.

Crystal structure of a vFlip-IKKgamma complex: insights into viral activation of the IKK signalosome.

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Institute of Structural and Molecular Biology, School of Crystallography, Birkbeck College, Malet Street, London WC1E 7HX, UK.


Key to the pathogenicity of several viruses is activation of the canonical nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) transcriptional pathway. Subversion of this tightly regulated mechanism is achieved through the production of host mimetic viral proteins that deregulate the transcription process. One such protein is ks-vFLIP (produced by the Kaposi's sarcoma herpes virus [KSHV]), which associates with IKKgamma, an essential component of the IKK complex or signalosome. This interaction renders the canonical NF-kappaB pathway constitutively active and has been linked to Kaposi's sarcoma and other malignancies. In order to elucidate the molecular basis underpinning ks-vFLIP-induced activation of the IKK signalosome, we have determined the crystal structure of a complex involving a fragment of IKKgamma bound to ks-vFLIP at 3.2 A. In addition to identifying and subsequently probing the ks-vFLIP-IKKgamma interface, we have also investigated the effects of a mutation implicated in the genetic disorder anhydrotic ectodermal dysplasia with immunodeficiency (EDA-ID).

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