Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2008 May;46(5):236-44.

A phase I study of CR002, a fully-human monoclonal antibody against platelet-derived growth factor-D.

Author information

1
CuraGen Corporation, Branford, CT 06405, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the safety, pharmacokinetics (PK), binding activity and immunogenicity of CR002, a human monoclonal antibody (mAb) directed against platelet-derived growth factor-D (PDGF-D), administered as a single intravenous (i.v.) infusion over a range of doses.

SUBJECTS:

40 healthy male subjects received increasing doses of CR002 at 0.3, 1, 3, 10, 30 mg/kg or placebo.

METHOD:

This was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose-escalation Phase I study. The trial had a duration of 90 days, with dosing on Day 1 and follow-up visits on Days 2, 4, 7, 14, 21, 30, 45 and 90. Serum was collected for PK, binding activity and immunogenicity analysis at screening and up to Day 90. Safety was recorded throughout the study by performing laboratory tests, recording vital signs and electrocardiograms (ECGs), by monitoring the occurrence of adverse events (AEs). The use of concomitant medications was also recorded.

RESULTS:

All 40 subjects received CR002 or placebo, and completed the trial. No dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) occurred, the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) was not reached and was estimated as > 30 mg/kg. There were no deaths during this study and no SAEs or other significant AEs reported. The most frequent drug-related treatment-emergent AE (TEAE) was headache in 4 of 30 subjects (13.3%) in the CR002 group vs. 0 of 10 subjects in the placebo group. CR002 exhibited linear PK parameters, had a long half-life (t1/2 in the range 15.5 â 48.1 days) and a volume of distribution at steady state in the range 4.7 â 6.5. Free PDGF-D in the serum bound to CR002 in a reversible manner, as shown in the lowest dose cohort. However, levels of total circulating PDGF-D remained constant throughout the study. There were no anti-CR002 antibodies detected in subjects dosed with CR002.

CONCLUSIONS:

CR002 was safe and well-tolerated at all doses tested as a single i.v. administration. The MTD was estimated to be above 30 mg/kg, the highest dose tested. CR002 had a long half-life, low clearance and a limited tissue distribution. Although total levels of PDGF-D at all dose levels remained relatively constant, there was no detectable circulating free PDGF-D after CR002 administration. At the lowest CR002 dose tested (0.3 mg/kg), PDGF-D was detectable again by Day 21 and the levels increased near to pre-infusion levels by Day 90. In this study, CR002 was not immunogenic during the 90-day study period.

PMID:
18538109
DOI:
10.5414/cpp46236
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center