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Curr Pharm Des. 2008;14(15):1468-74.

An update on adenosine A2A-dopamine D2 receptor interactions: implications for the function of G protein-coupled receptors.

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National Institute on Drug Abuse, IRP, NIH, DHHS, 5500 Nathan Shock Dr., Baltimore, MD 21224, USA.


Adenosine A(2A)-dopamine D(2) receptor interactions play a very important role in striatal function. A(2A)-D(2) receptor interactions provide an example of the capabilities of information processing by just two different G protein-coupled receptors. Thus, there is evidence for the coexistence of two reciprocal antagonistic interactions between A(2A) and D(2) receptors in the same neurons, the GABAergic enkephalinergic neurons. An antagonistic A(2A)-D(2) intramembrane receptor interaction, which depends on A(2A)-D(2) receptor heteromerization and G(q/11)-PLC signaling, modulates neuronal excitability and neurotransmitter release. On the other hand, an antagonistic A(2A)-D(2) receptor interaction at the adenylyl-cyclase level, which depends on G(s/olf)- and G(i/o)-type V adenylyl-cyclase signaling, modulates protein phosphorylation and gene expression. Finally, under conditions of upregulation of an activator of G protein signaling (AGS3), such as during chronic treatment with addictive drugs, a synergistic A(2A)-D(2) receptor interaction can also be demonstrated. AGS3 facilitates a synergistic interaction between G(s/olf) - and G(i/o)-coupled receptors on the activation of types II/IV adenylyl cyclase, leading to a paradoxical increase in protein phosphorylation and gene expression upon co-activation of A(2A) and D(2) receptors. The analysis of A(2)-D(2) receptor interactions will have implications for the pathophysiology and treatment of basal ganglia disorders and drug addiction.

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