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Dis Colon Rectum. 2008 Sep;51(9):1367-73. doi: 10.1007/s10350-008-9360-y. Epub 2008 Jun 7.

Sphincter contractility after muscle-derived stem cells autograft into the cryoinjured anal sphincters of rats.

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  • 1Department of Surgery, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam-si, Gyeonggi-do, Korea.



This study was designed to determine whether the injection of muscle-derived stem cells into the anal sphincter can improve functional properties in a fecal incontinence rat model.


Cryoinjured rats were utilized as a fecal incontinence model. The gastrocnemius muscles of normal three-week-old female Sprague-Dawley rats were used for the purification of the muscle-derived stem cells. The experimental group was divided into three subgroups: normal control; cryoinjured; and muscle-derived stem cells (3 x 10(6) cells) injection group of cryoinjured rats. All groups were subsequently employed in contractility experiments using muscle strips from the anal sphincter, one week after preparation.


Contractility in the cryoinjured group was significantly lower than in the control after treatment with acetylcholine and KCl. In the muscle-derived stem cells injection group, contraction amplitude was higher than in the cryoinjured group but not significantly (20.5 +/- 21.3 vs. 17.3 +/- 3.4 g per gram tissue, with acetylcholine (10(-4) mol/l); 31 +/- 14.2 vs. 18.4 +/- 7.9 g per gram tissue, with KCl (10(-4) mol/l)). PKH-26-labeled transplanted cells were detected in all of the grafted sphincters. Differentiated muscle masses stained positively for alpha smooth muscle actin and myosin heavy chain at the muscle-derived stem cells injection sites.


This is the first study reporting that autologous muscle-derived stem cell grafts may be a tool for improving anal sphincter function.

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