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Obesity (Silver Spring). 2008 Aug;16(8):1802-8. doi: 10.1038/oby.2008.287. Epub 2008 May 29.

Beverage consumption patterns of children born at different risk of obesity.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. tkral@mail.med.upenn.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Increased intake of sugar-sweetened beverages and fruit juice has been associated with overweight in children.

OBJECTIVE:

This study prospectively assessed beverage consumption patterns and their relationship with weight status in a cohort of children born at different risk for obesity.

METHODS AND PROCEDURES:

Participants were children born at low risk (n = 27) or high risk (n = 22) for obesity based on maternal prepregnancy BMI (kg/m(2)). Daily beverage consumption was generated from 3-day food records from children aged 3-6 years and coded into seven beverage categories (milk, fruit juice, fruit drinks, caloric and non-caloric soda, soft drinks including and excluding fruit juice). Child anthropometric measures were assessed yearly.

RESULTS:

High-risk children consumed a greater percentage of daily calories from beverages at age 3, more fruit juice at ages 3 and 4, more soft drinks (including fruit juice) at ages 3-5, and more soda at age 6 compared to low-risk children. Longitudinal analyses showed that a greater 3-year increase in soda intake was associated with an increased change in waist circumference, whereas a greater increase in milk intake was associated with a reduced change in waist circumference. There was no significant association between change in intake from any of the beverage categories and change in BMI z-score across analyses.

DISCUSSION:

Children's familial predisposition to obesity may differentially affect their beverage consumption patterns. Future research should examine the extent to which dietary factors may play a role in pediatric body fat deposition over time.

PMID:
18535546
PMCID:
PMC2917048
DOI:
10.1038/oby.2008.287
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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