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Neuroimage. 2008 Aug 1;42(1):42-8. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2008.04.174. Epub 2008 Apr 22.

Selective effect of Apo e4 on CA3 and dentate in normal aging and Alzheimer's disease using high resolution MRI at 4 T.

Author information

1
Center for Imaging of Neurodegenerative Diseases, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, San Francisco, CA 94121, USA. susanne.mueller@ucsf.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Details of the internal hippocampal structure visible at 4 T allow for in vivo volumetry of subfields. The aims of this study were: 1. To determine if Apo e4 has subfield specific effects in controls. 2. To study the influence of Apo e4 on hippocampal subfields in AD.

METHODS:

81 subjects (66 controls, mean age 60.8+/-13.6, range: 28-85 years), and 15 AD (mean age 67.5+/-9.3) were studied. Entorhinal cortex, subiculum, CA1, CA1-CA2 transition zone, CA3-4 and dentate gyrus (CA3&DG) and total hippocampal volume were determined using a manual marking strategy.

RESULTS:

Significant effects for Apo e4 on the CA3&DG were found in the total control population (p=0.042) and in older controls (61-85 years) (p=0.036) but not in younger (28-60 years) controls. Significant effects for Apo e4 (p=0.0035) on CA3&DG were also found in a subgroup of older subjects and AD subjects. AD with Apo e4 had smaller CA3&DG than AD without Apo e4 (p=0.027).

CONCLUSIONS:

These findings suggest that Apo e4 exerts a regionally selective effect on CA3&DG in normal aging and AD.

PMID:
18534867
PMCID:
PMC2597377
DOI:
10.1016/j.neuroimage.2008.04.174
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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