Send to

Choose Destination
J Pediatr. 2008 Aug;153(2):228-33, 233.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2008.02.028. Epub 2008 Apr 18.

Implementation of the French nationwide cystic fibrosis newborn screening program.

Author information

CF center, University hospital Robert Debré, AP-HP, Paris, France.



To describe optimization of a nationwide newborn screening program for cystic fibrosis (CF) that combines an immunoreactive trypsinogen (IRT) assay and DNA mutation analysis in dried blood samples at day 3.


Data from regional screening laboratories and CF care centers were centralized and periodically analyzed to allow adaptation, thus limiting the number of false-positive cases.


A total of 2717905 infants were screened between 2002 and 2005. Flow chart protocol was modified twice. First, the IRT d3 cutoff value increased from 60 to 65 microg/L, thus decreasing the percentage of samples requiring mutation analysis from 0.82% to 0.64%. Second, for infants with no mutations using the screening panel, a recall for IRT was performed only if IRT d3 was > 100 microg/L; the percentage of recalls decreased from 0.51% to 0.12%, and the percentage of infants requiring a sweat test decreased from 0.14% to 0.01%. No significant change in the CF detection rate was observed after these 2 modifications. A total of 625 CF cases were detected, and 22 false-negative findings (3.4%) were observed, most of them inevitable, with a low initial IRT.


The centralized data analysis led to changes in the screening strategy to optimise the newborn screening program.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center