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Gynecol Oncol. 2008 Aug;110(2):185-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2008.04.023. Epub 2008 Jun 3.

Contribution of demographic, psychological and disease-related factors to quality of life in women with high-grade vulval intraepithelial neoplasia.

Author information

1
Department of Gynaecological Oncology, Cardiff and Vale NHS Trust and Wales College of Medicine, Cardiff University, UK. shyla_sree@hotmail.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To quantify the effect of demographic, psychological and disease-related factors on Quality of life (QoL) outcomes in women with high-grade vulval intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN2-3). To obtain qualitative data on the effect of disease and treatment in these women and their partners. To assess the participants' perception of their risk of developing of vulval cancer and its relation to QoL outcomes.

METHODS:

A questionnaire was constructed using existing instruments to measure the effect of demographic, psychological and disease-related factors on QoL outcomes. Free text space was provided for qualitative data. The questionnaire was mailed to women attending two specialist VIN clinics.

RESULTS:

One hundred and fifty women were invited for the study. Eighty-two responded (54.6%) of which forty-four (53.6%) were sexually active. Demographic factors (age and or living situation) had a significant effect on emotional health and body image. Psychological factors (anxiety and depression) had a significant effect on all aspects of QoL. Disease-related factors did not have a measurable effect on QoL outcomes, although the qualitative data revealed that various aspects of VIN had affected the lives of these women and their partners. There was a significant positive association between a perceived risk of developing vulval cancer with worsening general and emotional health.

CONCLUSION:

Psychological co-morbidity and various demographic factors should be considered while managing women with VIN. Accurate information regarding the development of vulval cancer should be given. The findings of this preliminary study will assist the construction of VIN-specific QoL instruments in the future.

PMID:
18533238
DOI:
10.1016/j.ygyno.2008.04.023
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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