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J Am Chem Soc. 2008 Jul 2;130(26):8152-3. doi: 10.1021/ja8023059. Epub 2008 Jun 5.

Atomic layer deposition of metal oxides on pristine and functionalized graphene.

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Department of Chemistry and Laboratory for Advanced Materials, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA.


We investigate atomic layer deposition (ALD) of metal oxide on pristine and functionalized graphene. On pristine graphene, ALD coating can only actively grow on edges and defect sites, where dangling bonds or surface groups react with ALD precursors. This affords a simple method to decorate and probe single defect sites in graphene planes. We used perylene tetracarboxylic acid (PTCA) to functionalize the graphene surface and selectively introduced densely packed surface groups on graphene. Uniform ultrathin ALD coating on PTCA graphene was achieved over a large area. The functionalization method could be used to integrate ultrathin high-kappa dielectrics in future graphene electronics.


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