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J Virol. 2008 Aug;82(16):7812-7. doi: 10.1128/JVI.00561-08. Epub 2008 Jun 4.

Properties of subviral particles of hepatitis B virus.

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1
Fox Chase Cancer Center, 333 Cottman Avenue, Philadelphia, PA 19111-2497, USA.

Abstract

In the sera of patients infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV), in addition to infectious particles, there is an excess (typically 1,000- to 100,000-fold) of empty subviral particles (SVP) composed solely of HBV envelope proteins in the form of relatively smaller spheres and filaments of variable length. Hepatitis delta virus (HDV) assembly also uses the envelope proteins of HBV to produce an infectious particle. Rate-zonal sedimentation was used to study the particles released from liver cell lines that produced SVP only, HDV plus SVP, and HBV plus SVP. The SVP made in the absence of HBV or HDV were further examined by electron microscopy. They bound efficiently to heparin columns, consistent with an ability to bind cell surface glycosaminoglycans. However, unlike soluble forms of HBV envelope protein that were potent inhibitors, the SVP did not inhibit the ability of HBV and HDV to infect primary human hepatocytes.

PMID:
18524834
PMCID:
PMC2519590
DOI:
10.1128/JVI.00561-08
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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