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Eur Radiol. 2008 Nov;18(11):2498-511. doi: 10.1007/s00330-008-1018-6. Epub 2008 Jun 4.

Graded compression ultrasonography and computed tomography in acute colonic diverticulitis: meta-analysis of test accuracy.

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1
Department of Surgery, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. W.Lameris@amc.uva.nl

Abstract

The purpose was to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of graded compression ultrasonography (US) and computed tomography (CT) in diagnosing acute colonic diverticulitis (ACD) in suspected patients. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of the accuracy of CT and US in diagnosing ACD. Study quality was assessed with the QUADAS tool. Summary estimates of sensitivity and specificity were calculated using a bivariate random effects model. Six US studies evaluated 630 patients, and eight CT studies evaluated 684 patients. Overall, their quality was moderate. We did not identify meaningful sources of heterogeneity in the study results. Summary sensitivity estimates were 92% (95% CI: 80%-97%) for US versus 94% (95%CI: 87%-97%) for CT (p = 0.65). Summary specificity estimates were 90% (95%CI: 82%-95%) for US versus 99% (95%CI: 90%-100%) for CT (p = 0.07). For the identification of alternative diseases sensitivity ranged between 33% and 78% for US and between 50% and 100% for CT. The currently best available evidence shows no statistically significant difference in accuracy of US and CT in diagnosing ACD. Therefore, both US and CT can be used as initial diagnostic tool until new evidence is brought forward. However, CT is more likely to identify alternative diseases.

PMID:
18523784
DOI:
10.1007/s00330-008-1018-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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