Send to

Choose Destination
Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2008 Jul;9(7):557-68. doi: 10.1038/nrm2428. Epub 2008 Jun 4.

A gene regulatory network orchestrates neural crest formation.

Author information

Division of Biology 13974, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA.


The neural crest is a multipotent, migratory cell population that is unique to vertebrate embryos and gives rise to many derivatives, ranging from the peripheral nervous system to the craniofacial skeleton and pigment cells. A multimodule gene regulatory network mediates the complex process of neural crest formation, which involves the early induction and maintenance of the precursor pool, emigration of the neural crest progenitors from the neural tube via an epithelial to mesenchymal transition, migration of progenitor cells along distinct pathways and overt differentiation into diverse cell types. Here, we review our current understanding of these processes and discuss the molecular players that are involved in the neural crest gene regulatory network.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Nature Publishing Group
Loading ...
Support Center