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J Immunol. 2008 Jun 15;180(12):8011-9.

Retinoic acid-inducible gene-I mediates late phase induction of TNF-alpha by lipopolysaccharide.

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National Laboratory of Protein Engineering and Plant Genetic Engineering, College of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, China.


LPS is the known component of bacterial pathogens that stimulates a number of proinflammatory factors. However, the mechanism of the induction of these factors by LPS has not been fully elucidated. We show here that LPS induces retinoic acid-inducible gene-I (RIG-I) in vitro and in vivo as a result from autocrine secretion of IFN-beta in macrophages. TIR-domain-containing adapter-inducing IFN-beta-deficient mouse embryo fibroblast (trif(-/)(-)) fail to show expression of RIG-I following LPS stimulation. Interference of RIG-I expression short interfering RNA represses the expression of LPS-induced TNF-alpha, whereas over-expression of RIG-I leads to the activation of TNF-alpha promoter and the induction of TNF-alpha expression. LPS- and IFN-beta-induced TNF-alpha are suppressed in RIG-I-deficient mouse embryo fibroblasts (rig(-/)(-)). Thus, RIG-I plays a key role in the expression of TNF-alpha in macrophages in response to LPS stimulation, mainly for the late phase LPS-induced expression of TNF-alpha.

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