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Zoolog Sci. 2000 Nov 1;17(8):1167-74. doi: 10.2108/zsj.17.1167.

Genetic Differentiation of Populations of a Hydrothermal Vent-Endemic Gastropod, Ifremeria nautilei, between the North Fiji Basin and the Manus Basin revealed by Nucleotide Sequences of Mitochondrial DNA.


The genetic differentiation of populations of a hydrothermal vent-endemic gastropod, Ifremeria nautilei, between two back-arc basins in the south Western Pacific, namely the Manus Basin and the North Fiji Basin, was analyzed on the basis of nucleotide sequences of the mitochondrial gene for cytochrome oxidase I. The two populations of I. nautilei had no common haplotypes and appeared, therefore, to be isolated from one another. All haplotypes obtained from the North Fiji Basin formed a monophyletic group supported by a high bootstrap probability and the genetic diversity of the population in the North Fiji Basin was much smaller than that of the population in the Manus Basin. The population in the North Fiji Basin might have been founded by relatively recent migrants from the Manus Basin. The present results suggest that the larval dispersal ability of I. nautilei might be lower than that of an undescribed species in the closely related genus Alviniconchay.

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