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Mol Gen Genet. 1991 Apr;226(1-2):337-40.

Homology of the ligand-binding regions of Rhizobium symbiotic regulatory protein NodD and vertebrate nuclear receptors.

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Institute of Genetics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Szeged.


The signal specificity and structure of sensor-activator proteins from different species (NodD of Rhizobium bacteria and vertebrate nuclear receptors) were compared. Several compounds (including flavonoids, coumestrol and estradiol) that bind to mammalian receptors also interact with NodD proteins. NodD-dependent synergism of the signal compounds luteolin and catechin was observed suggesting that these compounds bind directly to NodD. Two regions comprising 63 and 37 amino acids in NodD showed 45% and 36% homology, respectively, with the estrogen receptor. These regions, designated as modules M1 and M2, coincide with conserved parts of the ligand-binding domains of the nuclear receptors. A part of NodD overlapping with the M1 module was predicted to be membrane associated and was 46% homologous to a membrane-spanning sensory segment of the Agrobacterium VirA protein. We suggest that the homologous polypeptide modules detected in NodD and the nuclear receptors originate from a common ancestor protein and may be directly involved in ligand binding.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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