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Phys Rev Lett. 2008 May 2;100(17):177001. Epub 2008 Apr 28.

Andreev reflection in heavy-fermion superconductors and order parameter symmetry in CeCoIn5.

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Department of Physics and Frederick Seitz Materials Research Laboratory, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA.


Differential conductance spectra are obtained from nanoscale junctions on the heavy-fermion superconductor CeCoIn5 along three major crystallographic orientations. Consistency and reproducibility of characteristic features among the junctions ensure their spectroscopic nature. All junctions show a similar conductance asymmetry and Andreev reflectionlike conductance with a reduced signal ( approximately 10%-13%), both commonly observed in heavy-fermion superconductor junctions. Analysis using the extended Blonder-Tinkham-Klapwijk model indicates that our data provide the first spectroscopic evidence for d_{x;{2}-y;{2}} symmetry. To quantify our conductance spectra, we propose a model by considering the general phenomenology in heavy fermions, the two-fluid behavior, and an energy-dependent density of states. Our model fits to the experimental data remarkably well and should invigorate further investigations.

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