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Phys Rev Lett. 2008 Apr 18;100(15):156403. Epub 2008 Apr 16.

Direct observation of whispering gallery mode polaritons and their dispersion in a ZnO tapered microcavity.

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Surface Physics Laboratory, Department of Physics, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.


We report direct observation of the strong exciton-photon coupling in a ZnO tapered whispering gallery (WG) microcavity at room temperature. By scanning excitations along the tapered arm of the ZnO tetrapod using a micro-photoluminescence spectrometer with different polarizations, we observed a transition from the pure WG optical modes in the weak interaction regime to the excitonic polariton in the strong coupling regime. The experimental observations are well described by using the plane wave model including the excitonic polariton dispersion relation. This provides a direct mapping of the polariton dispersion, and thus a comprehensive picture for coupling of different excitons with differently polarized WG modes.

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