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Intensive Care Med. 2008 Oct;34(10):1851-7. doi: 10.1007/s00134-008-1174-9. Epub 2008 May 31.

Plasma angiopoietin-2 levels increase in children following cardiopulmonary bypass.

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  • 1Division of Critical Care Medicine, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Avenue, Cincinnati, OH 45229-3039, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The aim was to investigate the effects of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) on plasma levels of the vascular growth factors, angiopoietin (angpt)-1, angpt-2, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF).

DESIGN:

The design was a prospective, clinical investigation.

SETTING:

The setting was a 12-bed pediatric cardiac intensive care unit of a tertiary children's medical center.

PATIENTS:

The patients were 48 children (median age, 5 months) undergoing surgical correction or palliation of congenital heart disease who were prospectively enrolled following informed consent.

INTERVENTIONS:

There were no interventions in this study.

MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS:

Plasma samples were obtained at baseline and at 0, 6, and 24 h following CPB. Angpt-1, angpt-2, and VEGF levels were measured via commercial ELISA. Angpt-2 levels increased by 6 h (0.95, IQR 0.43-2.08 ng mL(-1) vs. 4.62, IQR 1.16-6.93 ng mL(-1), P < 0.05) and remained significantly elevated at 24 h after CPB (1.85, IQR 0.70-2.76 ng mL(-1); P < 0.05). Angpt-1 levels remained unchanged immediately after CPB, but were significantly decreased at 24 h after CPB (0.64, IQR 0.40-1.62 ng mL(-1) vs. 1.99, IQR 1.23-2.63 ng mL(-1), P < 0.05). Angpt-2 levels correlated significantly with cardiac intensive care unit (CICU) length of stay (LOS) and were an independent predictor for CICU LOS on subsequent multivariate analysis.

CONCLUSIONS:

Angpt-2 appears to be an important biomarker of adverse outcome following CPB in children.

PMID:
18516587
PMCID:
PMC2574898
DOI:
10.1007/s00134-008-1174-9
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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